The important function of taking beyond traditional narratives about the roles of online media and social networking sites (SNS) in political communication that either singularly champion their emancipatory power or denounce their erosion and trivialization of off-line politics and citizen engagement. Instead, the studies, spanning a broad range of national political situations, force to adopt a more sober view about the uses and power of the Internet and social media. There are no easy solutions here, no prescriptions for success for acts of political communication in a digital world, but rather the studies offer a vista on the struggles of people where the potential of Web 2.0 applications are often mapped on a political field where a Web 1.0 approach persists. In this sense, the studies remind that online media technologies and SNS are often shaped and used for particular purposes in the contexts of the political field.