Introduction: Post-Conict Literature?
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Introduction: Post-Conict Literature? book
Northern Ireland, born Deirdre Madden's underappreciated novel One by One in the Darkness appeared two years after the Irish Republican Army declared its first ceasefire in 1994. Because of the competing narratives that have grown out of the conflict in Northern Ireland, it has been said that the province will have a Truth and Reconciliation Commission like South Africa. Madden's vision for a participatory memorial to the Troubles anticipates later memorials about Irish trauma, suggesting literature's potential to often outstrip official declarations or monuments because of its formal independence. In 1991, three years before the present events of Madden's novel, Northern Irish poet Michael Longley viewed all the names of the dead in the Northern Ireland conflict written out on placards and carried in a procession in Tullamore, Ireland. Literature itself enacts and models the same process proposed in visitors experience with Madden's fictional monument, analogous to what Derek Attridge has termed its "singularity".