DOI link for Waterborne zoonoses
Waterborne zoonoses book
Transmission of zoonotic pathogens to humans While the term “zoonosis” may be used in a broad sense to refer to any infectious disease transmissible from one animal species to another, its most common usage is in reference to diseases which are transmitted from animals to humans. It is in the latter context that the term will be used through this chapter. Zoonoses represent a significant cause of persistent (endemic) infectious diseases and disease outbreaks in communities worldwide. Further, animals are thought to be the source of the majority (approximately 60 percent) of new, also known as “emerging”, disease agents responsible for human illness, for example the Ebola virus and new strains of influenza viruses (Jones et al. 2008).