DOI link for Wastewater regulations
Wastewater regulations book
Wastewater regulations vary significantly amongst countries, and often between regions of countries, and urban and rural regions within countries (Cunha Margues and Simoes 2010). In many developed countries, wastewater regulation drives advancements in wastewater treatment and collection processes while protecting public health and aquatic ecosystems (see Chapter 20 on Wastewater Treatment), but regulations of developing countries, even when such regulations are appropriate, may not be monitored or enforced, rendering regulations inconsequential. Since water and wastewater treatment are capital-intensive investments (Rouse 2014), clear and consistently enforced regulations are critical to development of the sector (Global Water Intelligence 2012). This chapter examines wastewater regulations around the world, but, as you approach these critical issues, bear in mind that the strength of law and regulation enforcement in any country will be a primary driver in the efficacy of any regulation (Cunha Margues and Simoes 2010).