In this concluding chapter we provide a revised periodisation of planning in Australia based on its impact on Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples. The result is a quite different framing of the Australian planning story from that told byn standard planning histories have told. We argue that this is a crucial early step for the discipline to grapple with what it will mean to decolonise planning on the terms of Indigenous peoples. The chapter also scopes some initial implications of our analysis for planning practice, discussing what planners might need to do differently in the future if the discipline is to be able to come to a more just relationship with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples.