This chapter advances the historiography of Australian planning by describing the ways in which its practices both symbolically erased Aboriginal occupation, possession and utiliszation, and physically reinforced segregation and discrimination. Asymmetrical colonial power relations were expressed through a set of practices and ideas that shaped the modern planning discipline: mapping, surveying, naming, zoning and regulating space. Emphasis is placed on those agents of colonialism who sought to bring order and control to the so-called ‘new world’ and rationalisze colonial occupation: - the explorer who mapped the “‘wastelands”’, the surveyor who laid out the cadastral grid and re-named the landscape, the civiliszing Chief Protector of Aboriginal Protesctor and the colonial civil servant.