Neurotheology is an imperfect, catch-all term for the work of a small but growing cluster of researchers who are exploring the connections between religion and contemporary brain/mind science. The idea that neuroscientists are zeroing in on “the God part of the brain” has spread to the broader public, generating tremendous excitement about the possibility of creating a higher synthesis of religion and science. Although much of the research being done in this area suffers from serious conceptual and methodological flaws, the findings are extremely provocative, and future progress is likely to be rapid.