This chapter addresses some basic questions about the cultivation of responsibilist intellectual virtue. Virtue ethics and virtue epistemology have broadened the focus of moral theory and the theory of knowledge in ways that are salutary for philosophy of education, but they have also developed distinctive answers to the questions that dominated these sub-disciplines before their arrival. Virtue epistemologists' accounts of intellectual virtue are broadly divided into forms of virtue reliabilism and virtue responsibilism. The virtue epistemology movement is stimulating renewed interest in the epistemic aims of education, and it is advancing research on the nature of epistemic virtue and virtues that clarifies and deepens our understanding of what is epistemically at stake in education. The intellectual virtues should be an important focus of education and the philosophy of education, and the prospects for a virtue-focused theory of the curriculum will be better if the agenda of epistemology continues to expand.