Brazil’s National Truth Commission, inaugurated in May 2012 by Brazil’s first female president, Dilma Rousseff, published its final report in December 2014. The Commission addressed a concentrated period of state violence during two decades of authoritarian military rule, from 1964 to 1985, although its mandate included human rights violations committed over the course of four decades (1946 to 1988). While other, more limited commissions had initiated Brazil’s truth-seeking process in the mid-1990s, the full-scale National Truth Commission was not launched until nearly a quarter-century after the end of the dictatorship – a notably late start compared to truth commissions in other countries of the region.