Paraguay has had a limited, but significant, transitional justice experience since emerging in 1989 from one of the longest one-person dictatorships in Latin America and the world. The country’s protracted process of coming to terms with the Alfredo Stroessner era (1954-89) became internationally visible only in 2008, when an official truth commission (TC) published its final report. Latin America’s fifth-smallest country, sparsely populated Paraguay, is one of the region’s leastknown cases of transitional justice, just as it is rarely given the attention it deserves in other aspects of comparative politics. However, the country’s transitional justice history is richer than is often appreciated.