Abelard’s Theory of Universals
DOI link for Abelard’s Theory of Universals
Abelard’s Theory of Universals book
Trope theory has traditionally been thought to mark an improvement over object class nominalism (OCN). It takes property types to consist in classes of tropes, not objects, so no such false type-type identity implication is attached to these coextension problem (CP) situations. This chapter attempts to show that trope theory can retain an advantage over OCN with respect to coextension issues if trope theory is combined with property counterpart theory without modal realism. The trope theorist affirms the identity of property type redness with the property type crimsonness in the Red-Crimson Case. The main objection in the Red-Crimson Case revolves around a modal objection between redness and crimsonness. The chapter defends this identity-affirming response mainly by rebutting various objections to it, focusing primarily on the most serious objection, the Modal Objection. Trope theory in combination with property counterpart theory is immune to the One over Fewer Objection.