Young planners in Brazil must deal with a legacy of explosive and largely unregulated urban growth, unfair distribution of resources, and limited understanding on the value and usefulness of spatial planning by local administrations. The official discourse of planning in Brazil used to be heavily influenced by the language of positive rights and inclusion during the Worker's Party administration. In Brazil, urban or spatial planning has traditionally been nested within architectural schools. This has brought about an educational approach closer to the 'urbanism' planning tradition, as practiced in southern Europe, rather than the spatial planning tradition of the Anglo-Saxon world. Not surprisingly, there are large differences in the way that young planners experience professional practice depending on the sector they work in, the level of government they are attached to, and the region of the country in which they work.