The concluding chapter provides a summarizing and comparative overview of the various findings presented in the volume. It compares the strength of radical right actors – in both their party and movement manifestations – today with that before EU membership of the countries under consideration, thus signifying important changes in the political landscape, such as a growing movement sector in many countries. The summary of interaction patterns between the radical right and other actors, as well as of the radical right’s political impact, demonstrate a considerable shift to the right in most countries along an ethno-cultural dimension, helped by favorable context factors such as the lack of a cordon sanitaire in the radical right’s political environment.