This chapter examines migration to the Russian province known as Primor'e between 1860 and the First World War in the context of the Great Siberian Migration, the late-nineteenth century movement of Russians and other peoples from the European part of the tsarist empire to the east. Russian peasants, particularly those native to northern Russia, had over the course of the seventeenth through mid-nineteenth centuries trickled into the Urals, western Siberia, and the fertile foothills of the Altai Mountains. The chapter also examines one part of this broader eastward movement, focusing on the territory known today as Primorskii krai, or simply Primor'e, between 1860 and 1914. In Ukraine and European Russia, both peasants and Cossacks generally relied on a handful of grains for the bulk of their caloric intake: rye, spring and winter wheat, oats, barley, buckwheat, and potatoes.