ABSTRACT

This chapter examines the issue of religious diversity through a very individualistic analysis spectrum, namely the judicial and social claims based on two fundamental constitutional rights protected in Canada. According to the latest census conducted by Statistics Canada in 2011, Quebec's population is composed of an overwhelming Christian majority, predominantly Roman Catholic, with significant Protestant and Orthodox minorities. For many, the main objective of constitutional recognition of Canadian multiculturalism as a national model for managing Canada's cultural and religious diversity was to deny the premise underlying the creation of Canadian federation, which is the union of two founding nations. Under the jurisprudence of the Supreme Court of Canada, the freedom of conscience and religion protects a wide range of individual religious beliefs that depend only on perception of the applicants of their religious obligations. The Quebec population discovered that the Parti Quebecois (PQ) government chose to expand the announced charter of secularism to a wider Quebec Charter of Values.