ABSTRACT

In 2013, the minority government of the Parti Québécois, a political party whose main objective is ‘to achieve Quebec sovereignty’ (Parti Québécois 2014) filed a bill of Quebec Charter of Values to define more precisely a Quebec concept of religious neutrality of the state and establish a hierarchy favouring the right to equality between men and women on the provisions protecting individual religious beliefs (i.e. freedom of conscience and religion and the prohibition of discrimination based on a person’s religious belonging or religious beliefs). Specifically, the main change that the promulgation of this bill would add to the rules currently governing the management of cultural and religious diversity in Canada (and Quebec) is this: as is the case in France (Schwartz 2007; Cons. d’État 2000), it would be forbidden for any public employee in Quebec to wear a conspicuous (or very visible) religious symbol when they are on the workplace.