This chapter provides an account of food security and food adequacy in light of the role played by food in the development of individual identity and in the cultivation of the dignity and self-respect that appear to stem from implementing autonomously chosen paths of life. It offers a short description of the concept of food security and stresses some of its normative implications, with particular reference to the so-called right to adequate food. The chapter presents explanations of the cultural aspect of food security. It analyses the condition of minority members in pluralistic societies allegedly inspired by liberal principles. It reviews the societies in question offer an eminently suitable standpoint from which to view the cultural as well as nutritional threats to global food security. For food security, as well as food insecurity, insufficient competence of health-care professionals about nutritional problems related to cultural diversity.