This chapter explores the relationship between food and environmental justice. It outlines environmental justice and traces the history of this concept, and it then considers why food is of particular interest from an environmental justice perspective. The chapter looks at four issues relating to food and environmental justice: the accessibility of food where people live; climate change and its relationship with the production, distribution, and consumption of food; justice issues in the supply chains that provide for our towns and cities; and scale and the notion of localism. One justice dimension of food is the concern about the impact of industrialized and globalized agriculture and associated industries. Protests within the global neoliberal economy can be seen as a call for recognition and preservation of diverse cultures, identities, economies and ways of knowing. At a local level together with knowledge and skills related to dietary choice and food preparation, implies different communities have a healthy relationship with food.