ABSTRACT

This chapter focuses on fisheries as the harvesting and production of seafood. In the chapter, fisheries divided into three type's subsistence, recreational, and commercial based on the purposes of the human organizers of the activity. The chapter discusses the major ethical issues in the three fisheries. It considers effort to respond to these ethical issues. It looks across the three fisheries to examine ethical issues involving access, labor, processing, marketing, management, and consumption. Each type of fishery implicates a variety of ethical issues. Cooke and Murchie notes all three types to deal with overexploitation, collateral mortality, intersectoral conflict, climate change, water availability, invasive species, and habitat alteration. In the US, the Magnuson-Stevens Act mandates that federal fisheries management balance sustainable yield, economic return, community and social well-being, and seafood supply. Gender is certainly one of the major ethical dimensions of fisheries. All aspects of fisheries harvesting, aquaculture, processing, marketing, managing are structured in gendered ways.