ABSTRACT

This chapter suggests for some North American Indigenous peoples, food sovereignty movements are not really based on such ideals, even though they invoke concepts of cultural revitalization and political sovereignty in relation to food. Instead, food sovereignty should be seen at least in part as a strategic process of Indigenous resurgence that negotiates structures of settler colonialism. The strategic process involves prioritizing certain foods for renewal. Often, concepts of food sovereignty emphasize food-production systems characterized by community food self-sufficiency or cultural autonomy in relation to food. Indeed, the outcomes of the settler inscription process are higher health-risk factors for many Indigenous peoples from relatively high environmental exposures to natural and industrial toxins, diabetes from inadequate or improper diets, and mental health concerns from historical and personal trauma. In the case of wild rice, Anishinaabek have prioritized its revitalization or renewal, as settler Americans have done quite a bit to threaten wild rice.