This collection of essays demonstrates that criminological research is diverse both in the subjects it considers, the methods it uses and its approach to ethical issues. However, in looking back at the various contributions we are struck by the thematic links across the three separate parts of the book. Each of the chapters explores issues related to recognition, responding and reflection, all of which are concerned with the tensions in developing new knowledge, sustaining academic freedom whilst ensuring that research does not cause harm. All of the chapters indicate issues to be addressed but do not point to the simple clear cut solutions, often sought by students, colleagues and ourselves. In this final chapter we highlight some issues related to the three ‘Rs’ highlighted above – recognition, response and reflection.