This chapter considers the role that the global South has played in constructing but also contesting the current global order. It deals with an exploration of how alternative views can challenge existing perspectives, and how these insights can help us to develop better understandings not only of how orders come about, but also what the elements of a very different order might look like. Notions of order and ordering can also be thought of in a very broad sense. Drawing on Robert W. Cox, Hedley Bull and Robert Cooper, Sanjay Chaturvedi and Joe Painter distinguish between order as indicating an absence of randomness or haphazardness, and order as the opposite of disorder, indicating a normative preference for order. When International Relations scholars speak of the international or global order, they are usually referring to the Western-led international order of states that has become synonymous with international relations and the international system as a whole.