In any case, looking for the limits of fundamental concepts first, and then of all the others, was a task tackled in Bentham’s utilitarianism as well as in Kant’s transcendental philosophy, which developed approximately at the same period, though in mutual ignorance of one another. 3 It is worthwhile to outline some of the similarities and differences in the way the two philosophies – which aimed at being complete, since they took sciences, laws, ethics and politics 4 into account – considered the limit , even though they resorted to

It is but too obvious that Bentham’s philosophy, the foundation of which reflected itself and was concentrated into a theory of fictions, had nothing much in common with transcendental philosophy, which focused upon the establishment of the conditions of possibility of the concepts it analysed.