In Taiwan, there have been increases in women’s participation in the workforce and in two-income households, and a rapid decline in the fertility rate. The importance of promoting a work-family balance has been emphasized in many policy documents, including the Population Policy White Paper and Gender Equality Policy Guidelines (Executive Yuan 2013; Gender Equality Committee of the Executive Yuan 2011). In 2002, the Taiwanese government introduced the Gender Equality in Employment Law (GEEL, also known as the Gender Equality in Employment Act and the Act of Gender Equality in Employment), which regulates leave policies and promotes work-family balance and gender equality at the workplace.