From Perestroika to Putin: Journalism in Russia
DOI link for From Perestroika to Putin: Journalism in Russia
From Perestroika to Putin: Journalism in Russia book
Independence-nezavisimost in Russian-was, in the dying days of the Soviet Union, a word that helped to describe some of the head-spinning changes that hastened the end of a superpower. It took its place alongside perestroika (usually translated as “restructuring”) and glasnost (“openness”): the key words of the reforms launched by Mikhail Gorbachev after he became the general secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union in March 1985. He was, of course, to be the last to hold that title. It disappeared in the same historical storm that swept away the USSR itself. From the wreckage of the “indestructible Union of Free Republics,” 1 as the Soviet anthem so boldly described it, there arose fifteen new independent states. Ideas of “independence,” therefore, began to influence all aspects of late Soviet life, not just the political sphere. Cooperative cafés; joint ventures with companies from the capitalist world; small businesses-all began to appear where once there had only been the state-run economy. For the Russian news media, it was the biggest period of change and opportunity since the advent of Soviet power, and possibly, given the speed with which it happened, since the birth of Russian journalism itself.