This chapter discusses a number of publications in medicine, yet there is no indication that new journals will cease to emerge. Selecting the best in clinical medicine means primarily choosing those with reports of original research. The chapter focuses on two sections: surgery and radiology, and clinical medicine. The Boston title was formed by the union of the new England medical review and journal and the Boston Medical Intelligencer, but had its beginning with the new England journal of medicine and surgery and the collateral branches of science. The major development that presaged the improvement in surgery was, of course, the discovery of anesthesia. Along with anesthetics, the introduction of X-rays changed the opportunities for successful surgery, for the X-ray gave surgeons the ability to see the fracture or the foreign object in the film. The journal's circulation and circulation research could be included in hematology as well as in cardiology where they have been cited.