Recent research has greatly increased data on the earliest lowland Maya ceramics dating to the early Middle Preclassic or Pre-Mamom period. Excavations at Holmul, Peten, Guatemala, have provided a large sample of ceramics from these times. Through examination of various contemporary ceramics, I place this complex in the context of pan-Mesoamerican cultural development. This chapter is inspired by a 1990 study by Will Andrews and has benefited from his guidance throughout. My principal goal is to present examples of K’awil-phase pottery from Holmul and compare them to those from other complexes from various sites within the lowlands and highlands in order to understand the processes by which ceramic ideas were adopted by the ancient Maya.