This chapter identifies the target of change— schools of social work. Analyses of colleges and universities underscore the functional and structural complexity of these organizations. The goals of the university, teaching, scholarship, and service are differently weighted and measured by different constituencies in different environments. It is conceivable that even in a passive-defensive culture some change could occur if the person in authority is not particularly concerned about controlling curriculum content. Promoting change in schools of social work also requires consideration of what additional school, university, and external environmental forces can be used to support the change. Students can be one of the major forces for curricular change in a university. Several important political dimensions and pressures affect both the internal and the external dimensions of universities. More specific to professional school environments are stronger links with community organizations and the role of accrediting bodies.