This chapter examines the basic assumptions that underlie the theories and practice models that have been embraced by organizational theorists and proposes alternative theoretical and organizational practice approaches that consider the realities of both women and men in contemporary society. It also examines the language used to describe organizations because it is through the written and spoken word that assumptions about organizations are conveyed. The neoclassical theorists questioned the classical assumptions and were viewed as the "anti-school." Social work literature confirms the domination of systems theory. The concept of empowerment is that it transcends all the traditional boundaries within the social work curriculum. Acknowledging the critical role of power in organizations seemed to open a door for other schools of thought that departed from mainstream theorists. In order to depart from the limits of traditional ways of knowing and doing that are barriers to successful application of the gender lens, a changed educational experience is necessary.