ABSTRACT

The reader who wishes to be spared the nearly 8,000 words that appear in this chapter may refer to the data pictured in Fig. 8.1. This figure summarizes data from nine studies on implicit and explicit picture memory that compared the performance of children, young adults, and older adults. Assuming that young adults are at or near peak memory performance (100%), it is clear that both children and the elderly remember less information when asked to engage in conscious recollection. In marked contrast, memory tested implicitly appears to be asymptotic and remains stable from at least age 3 to 83. For the reader who wants a close-up view of the trees that make up the forest, read on!