Chinese archaeology during the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution was a contradiction in itself. There was the famous Cultural Revolution slogan Smash the Four Olds. As the archaeologist Tong Enzheng wrote, during these tumultuous ten years, the destruction of the Four Olds was carefully planned and organized. The Cultural Revolution ended more than thirty years ago. It is in this context that we need to look back to the practice of archaeology in the Cultural Revolution and re-evaluate the legacy of the Workers and Farmers Archaeology. Finally, author refers to the special blood-tie between Chinese people and Chinese archaeology and those Chinese intellectuals who have a unique vision. Chinese archaeologists usually work in extreme conditions, which are difficult for outsiders to imagine. It is laborious and at the bottom of the society, but that may be precisely where to find the perfect chance for creating such people in this field.