I The New Europe: Germany and Poland
DOI link for I The New Europe: Germany and Poland
I The New Europe: Germany and Poland book
Europe is at the very heart of the transformation of international politics that is the central focus of this text. It was in and over Europe principally that the Cold War was shaped and fought and it was in Europe that it came to an end. Between 1945 and 1989 Europe was divided between East and West creating two interacting sub-systems of international relations.
The states of Europe were subjected to 'superpower overlay' (Buzan et aI., 1990: 36-41) to such an extent that their broad foreign policy orientation was essentially fixed by their geographic position. European states were either part of the Soviet-dominated Eastern bloc, the Americandominated Western bloc or they were neutral. The Cold War system severely restricted the foreign policy options that European states could select because a change of political orientation was ruled out by the stalemate imposed by the two superpowers, who came to fear that any change would rapidly escalate into a full-scale nuclear confrontation. This