The plight of Russian women refugees in China came to the attention of the League of Nations in the mid-1930s. This chapter examines the situation of these women of Russian origin in China and how international society endeavoured to assist them. It analyzes British as well as the League of Nations’ documents, mainly because Britain was the chief pillar of support for the League. The travelling commission discovered that the largest number of victims of trafficking were Chinese followed by women from the Japanese Empire. The Japanese women who were engaged in brothels in China were considered to be the victims of trafficking. The Soviet Union was placed in a difficult position by the conflict that developed in 1931 between the Chinese and the Japanese in Manchuria.