This chapter considers the ways governments engage with the arts. It is acknowledged that it is difficult to accurately compare approaches because of different international measurement models. Nevertheless, arguments for and against arts funding are considered, as well as the motivations and models of government engagement. Recognising that current funding models do not address social and economic inequities, reference is made to the concept of ‘cultural rights’. It is argued that if ‘cultural rights’ are embedded within human rights legislation, then it may lead to greater arts funding equity.