This chapter attempts to examine potential issues by way of a review of some the writings supporting the employment of older workers initially, highlighting in particular the issues for older females returning to the workplace. From this starting point, it is apparent that there is a dearth of research concerning these issues where they are not based within health and social care but within organisational studies. As such, some of the issues which face society and older workers will be present by vignettes as examples. These seek to stimulate thought around the topic in order to begin, and to conceptualise some of the potential issues facing the labour market within the third decade of the 21st century, should policy makers leave the management of the human capital of older workers solely to the forces of the market place.