Social and employment policy
DOI link for Social and employment policy
Social and employment policy book
This chapter provides an overview of the development of social and employment policy from a gender equality perspective. It discusses chronological order, outlining the shift from a regulatory approach towards softer forms of policy coordination in which gender has purportedly been mainstreamed, and shows that both approaches hold significant weaknesses from a gender perspective. The early years were characterised by Commission entrepreneurship, backed up later by emerging networks within the European institutions or sponsored by them. The 1974 Social Action Programme (SAP) laid the basis for around 30 proposals for legislative action over three to four years. The 1987 Single European Act (SEA) extended the use of Qualified Majority Voting (QMV) in the Council to measures supporting the construction of the single market (Article 100 of the SEA), and the definition of health and safety – initially a technical standard – was broadened to encompass wider working and living conditions.