As in many states around the world, India strives for economic development, but with economic growth comes further environmental challenges. India is today facing a wide range of human insecurities both from the undeveloped socioeconomic structures in the country and the environmental degradation as one of the world´s largest emitters. A large population, widespread poverty, income inequality, a lack of a coherent source of electricity, and a dysfunctional transportation system are all factors that compound a coherent global climate change strategy for the Indian authorities. The government has developed ambitious objectives to reduce substantially gas-emissions and to implement renewable and non-fossil power capacities. This chapter observes that the government has openly and intensively argued that the developed world, with its wide-range of capacities, must contribute with resources to allow a global transformation. The Indian government has shown great commitment to address the challenges of climate change and environmental degradation, but economic growth is a keystone to battle poverty and underdevelopment.