In the 1950s, the African independence movements drew attention in the African diaspora. Since then, ties with Africa have grown stronger, finally questioning the idealized visions of Africa circulating in the diaspora. In the 1960s and 1970s, the Civil Rights Movement and Black Power were also important factors of entanglement in trying to build an alliance with the Third World movement. African-American literature has developed a great wealth of autobiographical forms, including testimonials, autofictional texts, as well as other forms of first-person fictions. Linked to anthropological approaches, polyphony in Latin America – in its sense of orality transcribed into the poetic and literary register – is today interpreted as a voicing of marginalized or silenced minority groups and as a form of cultural resistance. African diaspora autobiographical writing has also explored the complex dynamics between individual and collective identity-formation in female writers, spanning from autohistoria, to autoethnography and auto-fiction.