The establishment of the Peacebuilding Commission at the UN in 2005 was a significant development. The Commission, which aims to coordinate post-conflict peace-supporting activities, clearly demonstrates the UN’s stronger commitment to peacebuilding. Peacebuilding can be conceptualized as the pursuit of durable peace via peace-supporting activities that address the root causes of armed conflicts. Attempts to protect and enhance human rights are also made in most peacebuilding programmes. Peacebuilding is a highly complex and problematic process, which is likely to face a wide range of socio-political, economic, and cultural challenges and ethical concerns. The development of new methods is also a characteristic of contemporary peacebuilding. Due to the involvement of more diverse actors and the emergence of new technology, both conflict resolution and post-conflict reconstruction are supported by new tools for pursuing their goals.