Tassos Papacostas investigates the extent to which Byzantine traditions persevered and were transformed on Cyprus after the island’s political links with the empire were irrevocably severed in the late twelfth century up until its Ottoman conquest in the late sixteenth century. The focus is largely on architecture and the argument develops in two threads: the divergence between rural and urban milieus, and the distinction between wider Byzantine and more explicitly local traditions. Aspects of material and visual culture, as well as the use of language(s) and the evolution of anthroponomy are recruited to shed light on the main question.