Temporary use is central to Christchurch's grassroots engagement with recovery, offering an extraordinary opportunity for community "voice." Temporary use organizations have themselves recognized the issue of their homogenous demographic and have attempted to address the situation. The dimension of citizenship embedded in temporary use is citizenship as active civic participation. The possibility of partnerships between temporary use organizations and local governments, such as has been seen in Christchurch, presents the potential to facilitate the development of a particular place-based citizenship. The social element of temporary use is particularly crucial because the development and nurturing of social bonds helps support residents' post-earthquake recovery, one of the key aims of Christchurch's temporary use scene. Volunteering, in essence, constitutes voluntary engagement in an activity, usually in pursuit of some public or social good. Volunteering can stimulate civic consciousness and a process of social integration and cohesion, which benefits both the individual and the community.