This chapter offers a historical and textual comparative analysis of two very important documents: the Memorandum of the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts (SANU) written in 1986 and the Platform for the Solution of the National Albanian Question presented by the Albanian Academy of Sciences in 1998. On this basis, this chapter inquires into the role of intellectuals as generators of national ideas, ideologies and programs. This chapter provides a detailed analysis of both documents and thereafter offers an analysis of the socio-political contexts, in which both texts were produced. Simultaneously, this chapter tries to contextualize each document in its respective nationalist discourses.