This chapter re-examines the concept of white-collar crime, to consider its legal and sociological implications, and to analyze the controversy arising from its usage. The foregoing discussion indicates that there are two major issues involved in the controversy over the concept of white-collar crime; namely, the moral issue and the scientific issue. The moral issue has arisen from the contention that our criminal laws and their administration are biased and unfair and that they tend to favor the rich and the influential and to discriminate against the poor and the friendless. The scientific issue springs from the contention that those who commit white-collar crimes are relatively immune because of the class bias of the criminal law and its administration. It is in turn has led to a distortion of the criminological theories of causation since these theories have been based to a great extent on the official records of the criminal and juvenile courts and law-enforcement agencies.