This introduction presents an overview of the key concepts discussed in the subsequent chapters of this book. The book shows that formal addresses delivered on the occasion by the organization’s first president (Mack H. Jones) and by its president (Dianne M. Pinderhughes). The core of the symposium consists of brief but succinct case studies of the promise, problems, and performance of selected big-city black mayors: Harold Washington of Chicago, Tom Bradley of Los Angeles, Andrew Young of Atlanta, Marion Barry of Washington, D.C., W. Wilson Goode of Philadelphia, and Coleman Young of Detroit. One of the overall reasons for establishing the National Political Science Review was that research findings reported on and reviewed in its volumes could bring to the academic marketplace additional perspectives and insights that might not otherwise be forthcoming on important topics of scholarly research.