As a rule, traditionally white institutions (TWIs) have overlooked black scholars in selecting who will be a part of their faculty work force. Historical, political, legal, psychosocial, and socioeconomic factors all contribute to the dearth of black scholars in higher education. This chapter examines the progress of nine of the Adams states in terms of recruitment, promotion, and retention of black faculty. It aims to determine the extent of the presence of black faculty in TWIs in selected Adams states, to probe significant factors that appear to be related to their entry into the academy, and to construct an accurate profile of the black professoriate in these TWIs in the selected Adams states. In 1978, since many of the states were not making progress on their own, Judge Pratt ordered Health, Education, and Welfare to develop the criteria for the new desegregation plans.