In control theory, criminal behavior is likely whenever its advantages outweigh immediate and long-term risks, as perceived by the individual. Control theory assumes that delinquent and criminal acts provide immediate and obvious benefits, or satisfaction of ordinary human desires, at little expense of time or energy. In the control theory view, small punishments, corporal or otherwise, by teaching moral lessons, function to prevent larger penalties. The standard thesis of the punishment literature is thus contrary to control theory. Corporal punishment is not excluded by this interest, but if used would be expected to be well within the limits set by modem sensibilities. For control theory, neglect is the principal cause of punishment and especially excessive punishment. The basic model of childrearing from a control theory perspective is easily described: Proper socialization of children requires that adults monitor their behavior and correct misbehavior when it occurs.