The question of the destiny of despoiled Jewish property and its restitution or compensation to the survivors came onto the international and national scene at the beginning of the 1990s. The year 1995 marks both the last of the fiftieth anniversaries of the main dates of the persecution of the French Jews and the ensuing destruction of part of the community, and a break in the constant return to the memory of destruction. The restitution, like the compensation, was given to the Jews as individuals. The chapter evaluates the extent of the despoliation and indicates to which entities, physical or moral, it was beneficial. The first problem concerns the evolution of the Jewish community in France. In this field the Mission's recommendation for the use of money coming from the deprived properties marks a stage. The second problem concerns the particular approach connected with the time of the Holocaust.