Some recent research by professional writing scholars points to differences between academic and workplace cultures and their respective genres. Freedman, Adam, & Smart (1994), for example, show how writing performed in the classroom, specifically case study writing, differs in significant ways from workplace writing. However, whereas these scholars point to differences in the two cultures, Russell (1997) explores and theorizes potential connections between them. He says the genre system of a classroom “forms a complex, stabilized-for-now site of boundary work [his emphasis] . . . between the discipline/profession . . . and the educational institution” (p. 530). Russell also says that intertextual links with genres in the profession make the classroom genres that students write resemble those of professionals.