In the 20th century, the ﬁeld of technical communication made tremendous strides. What began as a specialty matured into a ﬁeld. In many organizations, what began as one or a few writing or editing positions became entire departments or divisions of documentation, online help, or technical communication. In many colleges and universities, what began as just a sprinkling of academic courses became entire technical communication programs or even departments. At the Society for Technical Communication, what began as a modest assembly of technical communication specialists grew into an impressive, powerful organization recently boasting more than 24,000 members. In the latter half of the 20th century, the ﬁeld strengthened to the point of heralding its own body of empirical studies on technical communication and related topics, its own journals and anthologies, and its own annual regional, national, and international conferences. By the end of the century, it was no wonder that many technical communication specialists were proud and excited about how far the ﬁeld had evolved over the past ﬁfty plus years.