Several researchers (e.g., Eccles, Jacobs, & Harold, 1990; Goodnow & Collins, 1990; Jacobs, 1987; Yee & Eccles, 1988) have suggested that parents’ beliefs and stereotypes influence the expectations and goals parents develop for their children, parents’ perceptions of their children’s interests and talents, and the ways in which parents interact with their children. To the extent that these beliefs are influenced by gender-role-related stereotypes, they are likely to be a major influence on gender-role socialization. We explore this possibility in this chapter.